8 common causes of stomach pain in kids

Kids often complain of stomach pain, but it is difficult for parents to trace out the reason for their pain. There can be many reasons behind stomach pain in kids. It can range from mild discomfort to severe cramping, burning, nausea, fever and vomiting in some cases. Most of the time it is not caused by serious medical problem but some time abdominal pain can be a sign of something serious. Stomach pain in kids can be caused by a variety of common reasons such as eating too much, needing to go to the washroom, or anxiety or worry about an upcoming event. However, if your child complaints of stomach pain frequently, it can be difficult to know the best ways to help and when to call the doctor. It is important to figure out the type of pain a child is complaining of. Whether it is pain covering more than half of the belly due to gastric problem or it is a cramp like pain due to bloating or a colicky pain which comes in a wave.

Eight causes of stomach pain in kids:

Gas: Gastric pain or indigestion is common in kids of all ages. It is commonly used to describe pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Some main causes of gastric problems among kids are, gulping down meals at a rapid speed, intake of aerated drinks (soda), fried junk, consumption of high levels of insoluble fiber (part of food that doesn’t get digested but reaches the gut to become food for the good bacterias living there), imbalance of good bacterias in the gut which support digestion.

Constipation: Constipation is one of the causes for stomach pain in kids. Children most often get constipated by holding in their stool to avoid or delay in bowel movement. When stool stays in large intestine for too long, it absorbs fluids from stool and causes constipation. Encouraging your child to make simple dietary changes such as eating more fiber rich fruits and vegetable and drinking more water can help in constipation. This is the most prominent cause in todays time. Children prefer food that is easy to gulp or belongs to the junk-food category. Excess sugar consumption in food also causes constipation.

Food poisoning: It is a condition caused by eating food, or drinks which are contaminated by germs or toxins. These harmful organisms produce toxins that irritate the lining of kid’s stomach and intestines. This can result in pain in abdomen.

Overeating: Too much of anything is bad. Overeating of any food, healthy or junk both can cause abdominal pain. Kids often eat too much when it comes to their favourite foods like pizza, fries, soda, burger etc. In addition to that, eating too quickly which is also very common in kids can contribute to stomach discomforts.

Lactose Intolerant: Lactose intolerant is an inability to breakdown a type of natural sugar called lactose. Lactose commonly found in dairy products such as milk and yogurt. A kid can become lactose intolerant when the small intestine stops making enough of the enzymes to digest the lactose. This can cause cramps, abdominal pain, gas and sometimes diarrhea. This is quite common in kids nowadays. Some kids who don’t have this concern initially, can also develop with time as they grow.

Stress: When a child is stressed, the adrenal glands make and release the hormones cortisol into the bloodstream. This cause the fight –or –flight response, and also trigger abdominal discomfort , stomach cramps, constipation, diarrhea and nausea.

Appendicitis: Recognising appendicitis in your little one is tough as child can’t always speak in full or describe their symptoms. A blockage in the lining of the appendix that results in infection is a possible cause of appendicitis. The blockage may be caused by mucus or stool or parasites or by a bend or twist in the appendix itself. It is mostly becoming common in children between the ages of 9-15. Food can also be a reason for this. Fried fatty foods can irritate the digestive system which can lead to appendicitis.

Stomach pain and digestive issues in kids can be due to lack of fiber or pro-biotic (good bacterias) in the diet.

Food for a healthy stomach:

Banana: Bananas are easy to digest and are known to ease stomach pain. It is loaded with calcium, magnesium, iron, folate, vitamin B6, manganese. It also contain potassium which help in case of dehydration form vomiting and diarrhoea. It has natural sugar (fructose) so kid will be able to get calories even if he/she is not eating much.

Yogurt: Yogurt can be good for a kid’s stomach health. It is rich in probiotics (good bacterias) that helps to maintain gut health. Having a little yogurt during a upset stomach may help relieve diarrhea too. Presence of protein, calcium , Vitamin B2, vitamin B12, potassium and magnesium in it helps to boost up the immune system and promote healthy digestive track.

Asafoetida (Heeng): The secret of this ingredient is being shared for ages. Heeng is added to food preparations which are generally tough to digest like beans and whole pulses. It helps to boost digestion by increasing the activity of digestive enzymes. As per a study, it’s antibacterial, anti-fungal and antimicrobial properties are used to treat stomach disorders and cure gas, bloating, acidity, constipation and improve stomach health.

Coconut water: Coconut water is rich in nutrients and electrolytes such as potassium, magnesium, and vitamin C which makes it an excellent choice for keeping kids hydrated after sickness and improves digestion at the same time.

Apple: “An apple a day keeps the doctor away’ Kids favourite apple has 3.6grams of fiber. Apple contains pectin, a type of fiber that feeds the good bacterias in gut. Apples are loaded with antioxidant, vitamins and dietary fiber, which helps to keep your kid’s digestive tract moving, also prevents or even treats constipation.

Peppermint: This green herb is well known for its refreshing flavour and ability to sooth an upset stomach. It has anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal properties which positively impact the gastrointestinal tract. Peppermint oil is sometimes used to improve irritable bowel syndrome (an inflammatory condition that impacts the large intestine) stomach pain, bloating and gas.

Ginger: Ginger contains chemicals that have been found to relax and smooth muscles, especially those which are in intestinal track. Consuming ginger helps food to move more quickly and more easily in digestive track, helping to relieve stomach cramps.

Recipe for Veggie Pizza cups

  • 1 medium capsicum shredded
  • half broccoli
  • 2 handful corn kernels whole or shredded
  • 1 medium onion chopped finely
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Sauté the veggies- onion, brocolli, capsicum, corn.

  • 2 cups of flours (mix of any- whole wheat, ragi, sorghum, rye, amaranth, teff)
  • Add oregano seasoning and salt as per choice
  • Add 2 tbsp psyllium husk
  • Add water (to make sticky dough)
  • Leave dough to rest and rise for 2-3 hours covered with dry cloth and loose lid
  • Once done, take a small ball of dough and make into a cup and place in baking tray
  • Add veggies and cheddar cheese on top
  • Preheat for 5 min at 220 celsius. Bake for 15 min and serve!

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